Word within the Word, or Stems for short, constitute an agglomeration of phonemes that make up roots, prefixes, and suffixes, which are all derived from Greek and Latin. The general strategy for increasing student confidence with language is for students to consistently encounter challenging low and high-frequency words. Playing with words, seeing where words come from, and exploring a world of new and interesting—even bizarre—words enables students and the teacher to learn together. It is in the process of co-teaching where students glean the most from a lesson. And to reinforce this effort, students take bi-weekly assessments and quarterly cumulative tests.
As with Stems, Vocabulary from Classical Roots, or Roots for short, focuses on parts of words. However, unlike the profusion of words associated with Stems, Roots narrows the focus to a list of about 3,000 high-frequency words. The general strategy for increasing language acquisition through studying roots is to introduce the roots and their meaning, and then to reinforce the material through a series of activities. We use this program because research has proven that roots will help intermediate students figure out word meanings, which leads to an increase in overall lexical fluency.